ITF Taekwondo Patterns
EUI-AM is one of the 2nd degree black belt patterns used in ITF-style taekwondo. Eui Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong-Hi, a leader of the Korean independence movement in 1919 C.E. The 45 movements refer of this form to his age when in 1905 he changed the name of the Confucian religion Dong Hak to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way). The diagram for this form represents his indomitable spirit while devoting his life to the prosperity of his nation.
Choong-Jang is one of the 2nd degree black belt forms used in ITF-style taekwondo. Choong Jang is said to be the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Yi Dynasty (14th Century). This pattern ends with a left-hand attack, intending to symbolize the tragedy of his death at age 27 in prison.
Juche is one of the 2nd degree black belt forms used in ITF-style taekwondo. Juche is the philosopical concept that man is the master of everything and therefore decides and determines his destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted on the Baekdu Mountain that symbolises the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram is intended to represent the Baekdu Mountain.
Sam-ll is one of the 3rd degree black belt forms used in ITF-style taekwondo. Sam Il, literally meaning “3/1” or March 1, denotes the date of the Korean independence movement (i.e., the Samil Movement) which began on the 1st of March 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.
Yoo-Sin is one of the 3rd degree black belt forms used in IFT-style taekwondo.Yoo Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 C.E., the year Korea was united. The ready posture in this form signifies a sword being drawn from the right rather than the left, symbolising Yoo Sin’s mistake of following the kings orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.
Choi-Yong is one of the 3rd degree black belt forms used in ITF-style taekwondo. Choi Yong is named after General Choi Yong, commander of the armed forces during the 14th century Koryo dynasty.
Yon-Gae is one of the 4th degree black belt forms used in ITF-style taekwondo. Yon Gae is named after General Yon Gae Somoon, a famous general during the Koguryo dynasty. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 AD, the year he forced the Tang dynasty to leave Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi fortress.
Ul-Ji is one of the 4th degree black belt forms used in ITF-style taekwondo. Ul-Ji is named after General Ul Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang invasion force of nearly 1,000,000 soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 AD. General Ul Ji used hit-and-run tactics to destroy a large number of the opposing force. The diagram represents his surname. The 42 movements represent General Choi’s age when he designed this form.
Moon-Moo is one of the 4th degree black belt forms used in ITF-style taekwondo. This form honours Moon-Moo (Munmu), the 30th King of the Silla dynasty. According to his will, the body was placed in the sea “Where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese.” The 61 movements represent the last two figures of 661 C.E when Moon-Moo came to the throne.
So-San is one of the 5th degree black belt forms used by ITF-style taekwondo. So San is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520 to 1604 C.E.) of the Yi dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organised a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Sa Myung Dang. The monk soldiers helped repel the Japanese pirates who overran much of the Korean peninsular in 1592 C.E.
Se-Jong is one of the 5th degree black belt forms used in ITF-style taekwondo. This form is named after Se Jong the Great, the Korean king who is credited with the development of the the Korean Hangul alphabet in 1443 C.E. The diagram for this form represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.
Tong-ll is the 6th degree black belt form used in ITF-style taekwondo, the last of the ITF forms. Tong Il denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea that has been divided since 1945.