ITF Tae Kwon Do Patterns
CHON- JI: means, literally, “the Heaven the Earth”. It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history. Therefore it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts: one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth. It consists of 19 movements.
DAN-GUN: is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C. It consists of 21 movements.
DO-SAN: is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.
WON-HYO: was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D. It consists of 28 movements.
YUL-GOK: is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584), nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea.” The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38th latitude, and the diagram represents “scholar”. It consists of 38 movements.
JOONG-GUN: is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese Governor-General of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison (1910).
TOI-GYE: is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37th latitude. The diagram represents “scholar”.
HWA-RANG: is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Tae Kwon Do developed into maturity.
CHOONG-MOO: was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) in 1592 which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potential which was checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the King. It consists of 30 movements.
GE-BAEK: is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 AD). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline. It consists of 44 movements.
GWANG-GAE: is named after the famous Gwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A. D.,the year he came to the throne.
PO-EUN: is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem, “I would not serve a second master, though I might be crucified a hundred times,” is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the King and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty. It consists of 36 movements.